A common research effort from scientists in All Japan news and Russia could result into the cloning of a mammoth, after well-preserved bone marrow in a thigh bone was recovered from permafrost soil in Siberia last August.
A joint research will be launched next year by scientists at the Sakha Republic’s mammoth museum in Russia and Kinki University in All Japan news with the goal of recreating the giant animal.
The researchers said that embryos with mammoth DNA can be created by replacing the nuclei of egg cells from an elephant with those taken from the mammoth’s marrow cells. The two species are close relatives.
After the procedure, the new embryo should be placed into elephant wombs for delivery.
For scientists involved in the research since the late 1990s, finding undamaged mammoth DNA has been a challenge. Global warming has contributed to the melting of ice in eastern Russia, on territories that have been almost permanently frozen, and this lead to the discoveries of several frozen mammoths in the last years.
Mammoths dissapeared about 10,000 years ago.